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Electronics/Telecommunication Engineering

Simulator-Powered ReFourM Professional Interview Success Program in

Our objective is to develop smart Electronics/Telecommunication Engineering professionals that interviewers compete each other to hire, and employers take pride to retain and promote!

Every interview question is designed to illuminate and clarify some piece of information about you. In general, every question asked addresses at least one of the following four main concerns:

The Gems that they were desperately searching for! Your prospective employers must find in you the right solutions to fight the challenges they face - tough markets, cut-throat competition, changing technologies, Financial bottlenecks etc. They don’t want another salary thief! Each employee is an expenditure for the company - rent for the area you are going to occupy, other overhead costs like electricity, travel etc. Interviewers dig deep to find out whether you are a worthy solution for their problems. If you continue to prove that you are the solution, you are hired!

Do you have sufficient experience, training, education, and interest to be productive? Can you deliver what the company needs?

What have you achieved up to now? What do you know about this job and the company? Are You a Serious Candidate for the Job?

Can You Do the Job?

How has your background prepared you for this job? What motivates you to work in this area?

1: Realize!

‘Unconscious incompetence’ damages the career potential of many highly qualified people. This module helps the candidate to to realize one’s own strengths and opportunities for improvement from an employer’s point of view. Also, get understanding about the world of work. For details click here.

2: Repackage!

Let us assume that you are a product. Interviewer is the purchase manager of the company you target for employment. Here we discuss about your ‘employability assets’ comprise your knowledge (i.e. what you know), skills (what you do with what you know) and attitudes (how you do it). Detail Here.

3: Reassert!

Are you proud about your telecom engineering background? In this section, you will find the interesting and futuristic aspects of telecom engineering. How to identify the technological focus areas before going for an interview?  How to passionately answer to questions? For details click here.

4: Reboot!

This section exposes you to the realistic professional interviews. All aspects of interviews are simulated. Interviewers are strangers. You don’t know who is asking what types of questions. You don’t know what is happening next. You are under observation...  For details click here.

Interviewers are professionally trained to expose the ‘Real You’ through tricky questions, and by keenly observing your body-language.

Analysis of your current Interview Skills. You attend a realistic interview on Interview Simulator with Telecom Engineering & HR questions. With the Simulator you can pin point the opportunities of improvements that no one else might tell you.

Employers’ Expectations: Why should an employers hire employees? What are their expectations? How is the life in a company with bosses, peers & associates?

Competition is Very Tough. But, Are You Prepared?

How Do You Package Yourself to Face the Employment Market?

The Rich World of Electronics & Telecom! How to Make Use of It?

Being & Becoming: Become the candidate industry look for!

Why This Program?

Graduate/Post-graduate Students of Final/Pre-final year Electronics / Telecom Engineering. Practicing Engineers looking for growth.

Who Should Attend?

What is Unique?

When Interviewers Dig Deeper, They Must Find Diamonds!

Four Questions…


Regular Practice

Assorted Trivia Fliers Download

Coffee Corner

Reviewing your First Interview: Play and replay of the Interview Simulation. Discussion on your current level and the future ambitions.

Questions & Insights: Industry surveys say, 88% of candidates don’t answer effectively in interviews because they don’t understand the underlying meaning of the questions. In this section, you will be exposed to most HR question types and their underlying meanings, sample answers, key words & phrases to use so that you look natural and professional.

You the Product: How to Package & Present? Extensive research on personal attributes. Create your customized responses to most HR questions. Resume Writing

Practice Sessions: Using the training module of Interview Simulator. Attempt questions, prepare for answers, try it on screen. Visit other candidates’ responses, refer to guides’ advices etc. Every time a new practice session!

English for Career Success: The imperatives of powerful English language to make effective use use of one’s own qualifications. Spoken English simulation.

Why Telecom Engineering is Important? Interesting facts about Electronics/ Telecommunication that revolutionized the society and touched the lives of billions.

Future of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering: Where should the present day Electronics / Telecommunication professionals focus?

Practice Tests on Electronics/Telecommunication Engineering: Random Tests from all areas of Engineering as given above. (Every time a new test!)

Learning from Others’ Mistakes: Interview Etiquette, Telephone interviews, Interview Puzzles, Innocent & Illegal questions,

Interview Simulation: Attempt realistic job interviews using Espoir Smart Interview Simulators. Play, Reply and Review.

Brushing Up Electronics/Telecom Knowledge: Main areas to address are given below. Focus is not to teach theory. Objective is to highlight the latest developments and to highlight the types of questions asked by various industries.

Your First Interview Practice Tests Interview Simulation

Fine-tune for the re-launch: Analysis of the captured interview from the ‘future ambition of the candidate’ point of view. Deciding on next steps.

Questions & Insights

Spoken English Simulation

Espoir Smart Interview Companion

Refining & Packaging You

The objective this program is to mine and polish-out the gem in you, his program has four modules:

You Must Know Where You Stand…

Journey will be successful if we know the destination & the origin. Read more

First ‘Re’: Realize!

Whoever you are, and whatever be the current skills you have, this module make you aware of the current realities - about you and about the employment market outside.

Golden opportunity to start a more focused, organised and efficient career building journey.

Program Details

Why Simulation?

Key Results Key Benefits Key Features

Currently, almost all candidates exhibit same level of domain knowledge. What differentiates is ‘Smartness’ and ‘Fit’ - even in high-tech jobs!

Interviewers judge your ability to convince, persuade, and motivate others. Because these skills of yours decide the company’s success.

Regular practice is the only way. We recommend you to own an Interview Simulator.





4: Reboot!

3: Reassert!

2: Repackage!

1: Realize!

One Two Three Four Five Six

"I initially didn’t understand or comprehend the need for interview coaching. But as the old adage goes, "you don’t know what you don’t know". This program gave me a different point of view. With its help, I was able to recognize where I could improve myself. The need analysis is really deep and solutions are really targeted. With such an input, I could improve myself. I am not only able to find a number of excellent jobs at good salaries, but also perform well in the companies I worked.”

- C P Venugopal, Chennai


Espoir Smart Communication


A 150 Page handy and practical field-book that helps you guide you through your job search/career building process. It also helps you keep track of the process and remind you on milestones. Also it is an offline companion!

(Included in the package)

Power Resumes

Learning from Others’ Mistakes

Interview Puzzles











Interview Preparatory Test





Practice Sessions

Methodologies for Longer Retention

Simulations to Ensure Quicker Recall

Faster Learning Approach

Industry/Business Research

The Development Team

1. Networks: Network graphs: matrices associated with graphs; incidence, fundamental cut set and fundamental circuit matrices. Solution methods: nodal and mesh analysis. Network theorems: superposition, Thevenin and Norton’s maximum power transfer, Wye-Delta transformation. Steady state sinusoidal analysis using phasors. Linear constant coefficient differential equations; time domain analysis of simple RLC circuits, Solution of network equations usingLaplace transform: frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits. 2-port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions. State equations for networks.

2. Electronic Devices: Energy bands in silicon, intrinsic and extrinsic silicon. Carrier transport in silicon: diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity. Generation and recombination of carriers.p-n junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, p-I-n and avalanche photo diode, Basics of LASERs. Device technology: integrated circuits fabrication process, oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, photolithography, n-tub, p-tub and twin-tub CMOS process.

3. Analog Circuits: Small Signal Equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTs, MOSFETs and analog CMOS. Simple diode circuits, clipping, clamping, rectifier. Biasing and bias stability of transistor and FET amplifiers. Amplifiers: single-and multi-stage, differential and operational, feedback, and power. Frequency response of amplifiers. Simple op-amp circuits. Filters. Sinusoidal oscillators; criterion for oscillation; single-transistor and op-amp configurations. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits, 555 Timers. Power supplies.

5. Signals and Systems: Definitions and properties of Laplace transform, continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier series, continuous-time and discrete-time Fourier Transform, DFT and FFT, z-transform. Sampling theorem. Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) Systems: definitions and properties; causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeros, parallel and cascade structure, frequency response, group delay, phase delay. Signal transmission through LTI systems.

4. Digital circuits: Boolean algebra, minimization of Boolean functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS). Combinatorial circuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders, PROMs and PLAs. Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers. Sample and hold circuits, ADCs, DACs. Semiconductor memories. Microprocessor(8 085): architecture, programming, memory and I/O interfacing.

6. Control Systems: Basic control system components; block diagrammatic description, reduction of block diagrams. Open loop and closed loop (feedback) systems and stability analysis of these systems. Signal flow graphs and their use in determining transfer functions of systems; transient and steady state analysis of LTI control systems and frequency response. Tools and techniques for LTI control system analysis: root loci, Routh-Hurwitz criterion, Bode and Nyquist plots. Control system compensators: elements of lead and lag compensation, elements of Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control. State variable representation and solution of state equation of LTI control systems.

7. Communications: Random signals and noise: probability, random variables, probability density function, autocorrelation, power spectral density. Analog communication systems: amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems, spectral analysis of these operations, superheterodyne receivers; elements of hardware, realizations of analog communication systems; signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) calculations for amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) for low noise conditions. Fundamentals of information theory and channel capacity theorem. Digital communication systems: pulse code modulation (PCM), differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), digital modulation schemes: amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK), matched filter receivers, bandwidth consideration and probability of error calculations for these schemes. Basics of TDMA, FDMA and CDMA and GSM.

8. Electromagnetics: Elements of vector calculus: divergence and curl; Gauss’ and Stokes’ theorems, Maxwell’s equations: differential and integral forms. Wave equation, Poynting vector. Plane waves: propagation through various media; reflection and refraction; phase and group velocity; skin depth. Transmission lines: characteristic impedance; impedance transformation; Smith chart; impedance matching; S parameters, pulse excitation. Waveguides: modes in rectangular waveguides; boundary conditions; cut-off frequencies; dispersion relations. Basics of propagation in dielectric waveguide and optical fibers. Basics of Antennas: Dipole antennas; radiation pattern; antenna gain.